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First World War in Headington and Marston, Oxford

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Analysis of the Headington & Marston war dead


How old were they when they died?
  • 18 were still teenagers (three were 17, seven were 18, and eight were 19)
  • 94 were in their twenties
  • 35 were in their thirties
  • 5 were in their forties
  • 2 were in their fifties.

Which service were they in?
  • 143 were in the British Army
  • 4 were in the Royal Navy (of whom three died in the Battle of Coronel off Chile)
  • 3 were in the Royal Flying Corps (amalgamated with the Royal Naval Air Service to form the RAF on 1 April 1918)
  • 3 were in the Canadian Army
  • 1 was in the Australian Army
  • 1 was in the US Navy.

Which British Army regiment?

The men of Headington & Marston joined a total of 39 regiments:

  • 67 were in the Oxford & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
  • 8 were in the Royal Berkshire Regiment
  • 7 were in the Royal Field Artillery
  • 5 were in the Royal Engineers
  • 5 were in each of the Royal Fusiliers and the Royal Garrison Artillery
  • 4 were in the Worcestershire Regiment
  • 3 were in each of the King’s Royal Rifle Corps and the Royal Warwickshire Regiment
  • 2 were in each of the Army Service Corps, the Gloucestershire Regiment, the London Regiment, the Queen’s Own Oxfordshire Hussars, the Royal Horse Artillery, and the West Yorkshire Regiment
  • 1 was in each of the Devonshire Regiment; Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry; Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding) Regiment; Durham Light Infantry; Essex Regiment; King’s Shropshire Light Infantry; Labour Corps; Lancashire Fusiliers; Lincolnshire Regiment; Machine Gun Corps; Manchester Regiment; Northamptonshire Regiment; Queen’s Royal West Kent Regiment; Queen’s (Royal West Surrey Regiment); Royal Army Medical Corps; Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers; Royal Irish Fusiliers; Royal Scots Fusiliers; Sherwood Foresters; Shropshire Regiment Training Reserve; Wiltshire Regiment; 12th (Prince of Wales Royal) Lancers

Which rank in the British Army?
  • 90 Privates
  • 12 Lance Corporals
  • 7 Corporals
  • 6 Lieutenants
  • 4 Sergeants
  • 4 Drivers
  • 4 Gunners
  • 3 Riflemen
  • 3 Sappers
  • 3 Second Lieutenants
  • 2 Bombardiers
  • 1 Shoeing Smith
  • 1 Squadron Sergeant Major
  • 1 Quartermaster Sergeant
  • 1 Captain
  • 1 Major

Which pairs of brothers died?

All Saints, Highfield

Holy Trinity, Headington Quarry

New Marston

St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston


Where were they born?

Headington men

  • 66 were born in Headington, and 1 in Marston
  • 16 were born in Oxford
  • 11 were born elsewhere in Oxfordshire (two in Finstock, and one each in Arncott, Bix, Bodicote, Henley-on-Thames, Islip, Sandford-on-Thames, Stanton Harcourt, Stowood, Summertown, and Wheatley)
  • 22 were born outside Oxfordshire (three in London, two in Swindon, and one each in Bengal, Birmingham, Brill, Cardiff, Chalfont St Peter, East Hanney, Eccles, Hatfield Horningsham, Leighton Buzzard, Manchester, Newton, Pontypool, Shrewsbury, Surrey, Tonbridge, and Wakefield)

Marston men

  • 21 were born in Marston, and 1 in Headington
  • 5 were born in Oxford
  • 7 were born elsewhere in Oxfordshire (two in Beckley, and one each in North Leigh, Waterperry, Weston-on-the-Green, Wheatley, and Wolvercote)
  • 2 were born outside Oxfordshire (one in Ireland and one in Staines)

Marriage and children

42 of those who died were married men. Of these:

  • 6 had no children
  • 14 had one child
  • 7 had two children
  • 7 had three children
  • 5 had four children
  • 1 had five children
  • 2 had six children
  • 1 had eight children
  • 1 had eleven children
    (ranging in age from 3 months to 24 when their father, Charles Phipps of New Marston, was killed)

Which men had been undergraduates at Oxford?

Six men from Headington (none from Marston) were matriculated at the University of Oxford:

* Died before gaining their degree


Which year did they die?
  • 6 died in 1914
  • 18 died in 1915
  • 43 died in 1916
  • 39 died in 1917
  • 43 died in 1918
  • 5 died in 1919

Which men died on the same day?

On 29 November 1914

  • Frank Bateman of the Royal Navy in a sea battle off Chile
  • Charles Tomar Hartwell of the Royal Navy in a sea battle off Chile
  • Joseph Rushton of the Royal Navy in a sea battle off Chile
  • Percy Smith of the Royal Berkshire regiment in Belgium

On 6 March 1915

  • William Bateman of the King’s Royal Rifle Corps in Belgium
  • Harry Godfrey of the Royal Fusiliers in France

On 16 May 1915:

  • Benjamin Brazier of the OBLI in France
  • Richard Bridgewater of the OBLI in France

On 25 September 1915:

  • Frederick Burborough of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Thomas Dearlove of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Harry Hedges of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Frederick Parsons of the Royal Berkshire Regiment in France
  • Arthur Taylor of the OBLI in France

On 9 April 1916:

  • Ernest Butler of the Wiltshire Regiment in Mesopotamia
  • John Walton of the OBLI in France

On 19 July 1916:

  • John Drewitt of the Northamptonshire Regiment in France
  • Henry Ward of the OBLI in France

On 23 July 1916:

  • John Drewitt of the Northampton Regiment in France
  • Henry Ward of the OBLI in France

On 11 November 1916:

  • James Durham of the OBLI in France
  • Percival Surman of the 12th (Prince of Wales Royal) Lancers in France

On 13 November 1916

  • Arthur Drewitt of the OBLI in France
  • Albert Hayes of the Royal Berkshire Regiment in France

On 28 February 1917

  • Arthur Fry of the OBLI in France
  • (George) Richard Morris of the OBLI in France

On 19 April 1917

  • Harry Gibson of the London Regiment in Palestine
  • Walter Herbert of the OBLI in France

On 16 August 1917

  • William Cooper of the OBLI in Belgium
  • John Eadle of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Frank Hathaway of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Jesse Louch of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Stanley Norgrove of the OBLI in Belgium

On 22 August 1917

  • Albert Drewitt of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Frank Gardner of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Lewis Heath of the OBLI in Belgium

On 10 September 1917

  • Hubert Allum of the OBLI in Belgium
  • William White of the OBLI in Belgium

On 31 March 1918

  • Thomas Cooper of the OBLI in Belgium
  • Thomas Parker of the Worcestershire Regiment in France

On 3 November 1918

  • William Smith of the Royal Engineers in france
  • Harold Taylor of the Labour Corps in England

On 15 October 1918

  • Edward Coppock of the Royal Scots Fusiliers in Belgium
  • Herbert Smith of the West Yorkshire Regiment in France

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