Poppy

First World War in Headington and Marston, Oxford

William Isaac TRAFFORD (1890–1915)

Some of this information is repeated under the entry for William’s brother Henry Trafford, who also died in the war

William Trafford

William Isaac Trafford was born in Headington Quarry in 1890, the son of Robert Trafford (born at Shotover Hill Place in 1845 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 27 July) and his second wife Amelia Walker (born in Wheatley in 1854, reg. third quarter).

William’s father Robert Trafford married his first wife Elizabeth Ann Ward (born at Shotover Hill Place and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 26 August 1838) at Holy Trinity Church on 8 August 1868. At the time of the 1871 census they were living in Quarry, and Robert was working as a labourer. They had three children:

  • Rosa Trafford (born in Headington Quarry on 6 April 1871 and baptised at New Inn Hall Street Wesleyan Chapel on 27 June)
  • Albert Robert Trafford (born in Headington Quarry on 17 December 1872 and baptised at New Inn Hall Street Wesleyan Chapel on 27 January 1873)
  • Lilly (or Lily/Lillie) Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1875 and baptised at Holy Trinity Church on 27 April 1879, aged 4 years 3 weeks).

William's father's first wife Elizabeth Ann Trafford died at the age of 39 in 1876 (death reg. third quarter).

He married his second wife, Amelia Walker (24), at St Andrew’s Church on 3 November 1877, and neither could sign their name in the marriage register. They had eleven children:

  • Emily Jane Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1878/9 and baptised at Holy Trinity Church on 27 April 1879)
  • Henry James Trafford (born in Headington Quarry near the end of 1880, but not baptised at Holy Trinity Church until 3 August 1886 when he was “nearly 6 years”)
  • Sarah Ann Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1882/3 but not baptised at Holy Trinity Church until 3 August 1886 when he was 3½)
  • Walter Thomas Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1884/5 but not baptised at Holy Trinity Church until 3 August 1886, when he was 1½ )
  • Edward Charles Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1886/7 and baptised at Holy Trinity Church on 20 September 1887)
  • Edith Mary Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1888/9 and baptised at Holy Trinity Church on 31 March 1889)
  • William Isaac Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1890 but not baptised at Holy Trinity Church until 10 July 1907)
  • Elizabeth Maud Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1892/3 and baptised at Holy Trinity Church on 26 February 1893)
  • Laura Annie Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1895 and baptised at Holy Trinity Church at the age of two on 28 February 1897)
  • Charles Frederick Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1896, reg. fourth quarter, and baptised at Holy Trinity Church on 28 January 1897 with the name Charles Edward which was “mistakenly given by the mother”); died aged four months, buried at Holy Trinity churchyard on 17 February 1897
  • Ida Amelia Trafford (born in Headington Quarry in 1898, reg. second quarter).

William’s father was a mason’s labourer, described as a “stone waller”, and at the time of the 1881 census he was living at East View in Quarry with his second wife, his three children from his first marriage – Rosa (9), Albert (8), and Lillie (6) – and his first two children from his second marriage – Emily (2) and Harry (six months months).

William was born at the end of 1890.

At the time of the 1891 census William (four months) was living at “Main Road” (Quarry High Street) with his father Robert (45), who was described as a waller, his mother Amelia (36), and his half-siblings Albert (17) who was a quarry labourer) and Lilly (15), and his full siblings Emily (12), Henry (10), Sarah (8), Walter (6), Edward (4), and Edith (2). His other sister Rosa (19) was working as a general servant in Hackney.

In 1901 William (10), recorded by his middle name Isaac, was living in Quarry High Street with his father Robert (57), who was still working as a stone waller, his mother Amelia (47), who was now doing laundry work, and seven of his full siblings: Emily (21) and Sarah (18), who were laundrymaids; Walter (16), who was a carrier’s assistant; and Edward (14), Edith (12), Lizzie (8), Laura (6) and Ida (3).

By the time of the 1911 census William Trafford (20) was a general labourer. still living with his parents in Quarry High Street. Five of his full siblings were at home: Henry (29) and Edward (23), who were bricklayer’s labourers; Walter (25), who was a roadman with the Headington District Board; Laura (15), who was probably helping her mother with her laundry work; and Ida (13), who was still at school. His sister Emily (32) was married and living in London and another sister Edith (22), who was working as a housemaid, was paying her a visit; and Elizabeth (17) was a servant in West Kensington.

On 18 April 1914 at Stanton St John Church, William Trafford (23), described as a builder's labourer, married May Louisa Stevens Bishop (22), who was born in Stanton St John in 1892, the daughter of the cow man Edward Bishop. Their only child was born a few months after the wedding:

  • Alfred William Arthur Trafford (born in 1914 and baptised at Stanton St John Church on 16 August). (He may be the Alfred W. A. Trafford who died in the Leighton Buzzard district before his first birthday near the beginning of 1915.)

Poppy In the First World War William Trafford was a volunteer, and served as a Private in the “D” Company of the ill-fated 2nd Battalion of the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (Service No. 7675). He died in France at the age of 24 on 5 March 1915 and his grave is unknown. He is commemorated on the Le Touret Memorial (Panel 26), and on the stone plaque in the porch of Holy Trinity Church in Headington Quarry.

William’s brother Walter evidently named his second son (who was born later the same year, on 4 December 1915) William Isaac Trafford after his uncle.

William Trafford’s older brother Henry also died as a result of the First World War, on 19 March 1919, at the age of about 39.


Postscript

Quarry memorial

William’s parents
  • Mrs Amelia Trafford died at 29 Quarry High Street at the age of 76 and was buried at Holy Trinity churchyard on 3 January 1931
  • Robert Trafford died aged 87 at 12 Prison Quarters, Titmouse Lane, Oxford and was buried with his wife on 26 November 1932.
William’s widow
  • Mrs May Louisa Trafford married Percy William Allen, a bus conductor, at Holy Trinity Church in Headington Quarry on 17 April 1926, and they had three children: Derek Allen (1927), John Allen (1929), and Roy Allen (1932).
Some of William’s siblings
  • Emily Jane Trafford (born 1879) married William Shorter at Holy Trinity Church on 26 December 1903. At the time of the 1911 census they were living at 12 Wolseley Road, Brentford, with three of their children (all born in Acton): Edith Amelia (4), Walter John (1), and Dorothy Ada (2 months); their eldest child William (6) was staying with his grandparents in Quarry High Street.
  • Henry James Trafford (born 1880) also died in the First World War: see separate page.
  • Sarah Ann Trafford (born 1882/3) married Frederick Grimshaw at Holy Trinity Church on 25 December 1913.
  • Walter Thomas Trafford (born 1884/5) married Edith Mary Dewe at Holy Trinity Church on 17 January 1914. They had two sons baptised at Holy Trinity: Robert Charles Trafford (born on 5 June 1914 and baptised on 26 July) and William Isaac Trafford (born on 4 December 1915 and baptised on 30 January 1916).
  • Elizabeth Maud Trafford (born 1892/3) married James Albin, a Corporal in the East Lancs Regiment, at Holy Trinity Church on 16 April 1919.

See also

Back to Holy Trinity Church, Headington Quarry roll of honour

Back to War Memorials page on Headington Community Website