Poppy

First World War in Headington and Marston, Oxford

Charles PHIPPS (1863–1916)

Charles Phipps

Charles Phipps was born in Iffley in 1863, the son of James Phipps (born in Cowley in 1837 and baptised at St James’s Church there on 26 March) and Ann Gibbons (born in Ipsden in c.1835).

Charles’s parents were both living in Littlemore just prior to their marriage: his father was working there as a labourer, and his mother as a domestic servant.

They were married at Littlemore on 19 February 1859 and had the following children:

  • Elizabeth Maria Phipps (born in Littlemore in 1859 and baptised at SS  Mary & Nicholas Church there on 13 November)
  • Emily Phipps (born in Littlemore in 1861/2 and baptised at SS  Mary & Nicholas Church there on 5 January 1862)
  • Charles Phipps (born in Iffley in 1863, birth reg. fourth quarter)
  • Rosa Jane Phipps (born in Iffley in 1867 and baptised at St Mary the Virgin Church there on 8 December).

Charles' parents at first remained in Littlemore after their marriage, and at the time of the 1861 census they were living at Hades Cottages there: James (24) and Ann (26) were both working as agricultural labourers, even though they now had a one-year-old daughter, Elizabeth.

They were still in Littlemore when their second daughter Emily was baptised in early 1862, but had moved to Iffley by the time of Charles’s birth near the end of 1863, and were still there at the end of 1867 following the birth of their youngest daughter.

By the time of the 1871 census, they had moved to east Oxford: Charles (7) was at school and living in Sidney Street with his father James (34), who was a labourer his mother Ann (35), and his sisters Elizabeth (11) and Emily (9).

In 1881 the family was still living in east Oxford, but were now at Percy Street: Charles (17) was an agricultural labourer (carter), and was living with his father James (44), described as mason's labourer, his mother Ann (45). His three sisters had left home, but his nephew Percival Phipps (4), the illegitimate son of his sister Elizabeth, and his niece Sarah Alice Phipps (2), the illegitimate daughter of his sister Emily, were living with his mother.

On 31 May 1890 at Cowley St John Church, Oxford, Charles Phipps married Sarah Warland (born in Islip in 1867, the daughter of the labourer Edmund Warland): both were living at 56 Magdalen Road at the time of their wedding. They had ten children:

  • Florence Harriet Phipps (born in New Marston on 10 February 1892 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 10 March)
  • Herbert Charles Phipps (born in New Marston in 1894 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 4 March)
  • Percival Frederick Phipps (born at Brickyard Cottages, New Marston in 1896 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 2 August); died at the age of two and buried at Headington Cemetery 1 April 1899
  • Beatrice Sarah Phipps (born at Brickyard Cottages, New Marston on 6 June 1899 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 27 August)
  • Hilda Emily Phipps (born in New Marston on 29 September 1900 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 16 December)
  • Laura Annie Phipps (born at William Street, New Marston on 27 February 1902 and baptised at Cowley St John Church on 13 April)
  • Reginald James Phipps (born in New Marston on 28 September 1904 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 13 November)
  • Elsie Elizabeth Phipps (born in William Street, New Marston in 1906 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 10 June)
  • Sidney Frank Phipps (born at 2 William Street, New Marston in 1907 and baptised at Cowley St John Church on 16 February 1908)
  • Winifred Alice Phipps (born in New Marston in 1909 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 12 September)
  • Doris May Phipps (born in Marston in early 1916), died aged eleven months and buried at Headington Cemetery on 4 January 1917).

The 1891 census shows Charles (27) and Sarah (23) living as newlyweds at 2 Tilehurst Cottages on the Marston Road. Charles was then a bricklayer’s labourer, and thus he remained until he went to war over twenty years later. His parents were now living at 56 Magdalen Road in east Oxford: their children were all gone, but three grandchildren were in the house: Percival Phipps (14) and Sarah (12) were joined by Anne (8), a second illegitimate child of Charles's sister Emily.

Charles’s mother Ann Phipps died at 56 Magdalen Road at the age of 59 in 1895 and was buried in Cowley St John churchyard on 26 February.

By the time of the 1901 census, Charles (36), who was still a bricklayer's labourer, and Sarah (33) had settled in William Street, New Marston (which was then in the civil parish of Headington and the ecclesiastical parish of St Andrew) with their first four surviving children, namely Florence (9), Herbert (7), Beatrice (1), and Hilda (six months. Meanwhile Charles’s father, a widower of 64, was living at 52 Catherine Street with his grandson Thomas H. Wyatt (13), the son of his married daughter Elizabeth.

Charles and Sarah were still at William Street in 1911, with the number of the house stated as 2 (but later it is given as 3). Eight of their children were still at home: Bert (17), who was working as a house boy, and Beatrice (11), Hilda (9), Laura (8), Reginald (6), Elsie (5), Sidney (3), and Winifred (1). Meanwhile Charles's father James Phipps (74) had moved in with his widowed daughter Elizabeth Maria Wyatt at 94 Howard Street. She was working as the matron at James Street Police Station, and her children Robert (24), Rachel Ann (20) and Dorcas Evelyn (18) were at home with her. Her daughter Rachel was now Mrs Howard, and had a one-year-old daughter, Dorothy Elizabeth.

Charles's eldest daughter Florence Harriet Phipps (23) married Frederick James Phillips, a Sergeant of the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry from Writtle in Essex, on Christmas Day 1914. They appear to have had a son, Cyril J. Phillips (mother's maiden name Phipps) near the end of 1915, so Charles may have been a grandfather when he was in the army.

Grave of Charles Phipps

 

 

 

Poppy In the First World War Charles Phipps served as a Private in the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (Service No. 5365).

He died back in England at the age of 52 on 27 June 1916.

He is buried in SS Mary & John churchyard on the Cowley Road, Oxford, and is remembered on the New Marston War Memorial on the Marston Road, Oxford.

 

 

Left: Photograph of Charles Phipps’s grave in SS Mary & John churchyard, photographed in 2010 when it was in a poorer state than most war graves. The text reads:

[Emblem of OBLI]

5365 PRIVATE
C. PHIPPS
OXFORD & BUCKS. LIGHT INF.
27TH JUNE 1916


Postscript

New Marston War Memorial

Charles’s widow
  • Mrs Sarah Phipps was still living at 3 William Street in 1936. She died at the London Road Hospital (the former workhouse) at the age of 71 and was buried in Cowley St John churchyard on 15 December 1938.
Charles’s children
  • Beatrice Sarah Phipps (born 1899) was described as a domestic servant when she married the salesman Edwin William Bristow at St Andrew's Church in Old Headington on 5 July 1919: they were both living at 2 William Street at the time of their marriage.
  • Reginald James Phipps (born 1904) was a gardener of 3 William Street when he married Annetta Harty at St Nicholas's Church in Old Marston on 6 September 1930. They lived at 26 Farmer Place, and their daughter Sylvia Ann Phipps was born on 30 June 1940 and baptised at St Nicholas’s Church on 25 August.
  • Elsie Elizabeth Phipps (born 1906) had an illegitimate son, Edwin Basil Phipps, at her mother’s home at 3 William Street on 30 June 1924, and had him baptised at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston on 10 August 1924. She married Francis Stephen Slaymaker in the Headington district in the fourth quarter of 1926. He was a quarry labourer and they were living in Headington when their first child William Charles Slaymaker (born 16 November 1928) was baptised at St Nicholas’s Church in Old Marston on 13 January 1929. Elsie’s husband was working as a labourer and they were living at Home Farm in Marston when their next child Eric Frank Slaymaker, who was born 30 October 1931 was baptised on 6 December; and a plasterer’s labourer when their daughter Jean Margaret Slaymaker, who was born in August 1933 was baptised on 24 September.
  • Sidney Frank Phipps (born 1907) married Phyllis Muriel Allmond in the Oxford registration district in the third quarter of 1937. He was a lorry driver, and they lived in Marston. Their son Michael Sidney Phipps was born on 6 February 1937 before the wedding and baptised on 10 October 1937 at St Nicholas’s Church, Old Marston.
  • Winifred Alice Phipps (born 1909) married Leslie G. Allmond in the Headington district in the fourth quarter of 1931.

See also

Back to New Marston War Memorial

Back to War Memorials page on Headington Community Website