Headington history: Streets

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Headington Hill & Road: Inscribed stones on the hill

This boundary stone used to stand at the top of Headington Hill, but is now embedded in its retaining wall. It reads: HERE ENDETH HEDINGTON HYWAY, followed by the initials of the senior bailiff and mayor of Oxford in 1728/9. It marked the boundary of St Andrew’s and St Clement’s parishes, and thereby the end of the section of road for which Headington reckoned it was responsible. The Headington Road had not been built, so the road in question was the short stub leading from Cuckoo Lane around the corner to the top of the hill.

Hyway stone

The new road to London was built from the top of Headington Hill to Wheatley in the 1780s. This milestone at the top of Headington Hill must date from about 1795, when an Act was passed forcing Turnpike Trusts to mark distances on their roads in this way. It reads: LII Miles From London / I  Mile To OXFORD

Milestone at top of Headington Hill

By 1800, the Old London Road ceased to be of any importance. So aftert he City of Oxford was extended eastwards to the Boundary Brook in 1889, the two stones set up in 1892 to mark the new boundary were placed in Cuckoo Lane (a boundary corner where there is a right-angled turn to the south-east) and the point at which the main Headington and London Roads join. The name of the Mayor when the stones were set up in 1892, F. W. Axtell, is almost illegible.

Boundary stone

© Stephanie Jenkins

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