On 28 November 2016 Vital Energy began to dig up the streets of Headington to connect the heat pipe that will run between the John Radcliffe and Churchill Hospitals
Work will continue until 13 April 2017 in Highfield, and finish on 19 May 2017 on Churchill Drive. They are now using three dig teams, which has halved the original schedule.
Oxford City Council announced in June 2016 that it is undertaking a £136,000 study of the feasibility of installing a network of pipes under the city centre and Headington to share methods of generating electricity.
The £12.5m “Access to Headington” project starts again on 3 January 2017, with new pedestrian crossing islands installed at Old Road prior to resurfacing.
Work on this project started on 17 October 2016 at the junction of Old Road, Roosevelt Drive, Warneford Lane, and Gipsy Lane. It is expected to continue until September 2018.
The Old Road Campus ST2 shuttle minibus which runs from the University Club in Mansfield Road to the Warneford Hospital, Old Road campus, and Lime Walk will now avoid Old Road and Warneford Lane altogether and go via Lime Walk and Stapleton Road.
On 9 June 2016 David Nimmo-Smith, the County Council Cabinet Member for Environment (including Transport) approved the £12.5m “Access to Headington” revised plans:
New plans just for Headley Way and Windmill Road were released by the county council on 28 April 2016, and this extra consultation closed on 23 May 2016:
The county council's designs were sent out to the 4,500 homes most directly affected, and are also available here online:
The formal consultation on the Traffic Consultation Orders (TROs) closed on 25 March 2016.
All the proposed road humps at side road entries had a consultation of their own, which closed on 8 April 2016:
Nuffield Orthopaedic Limited have submitted a planning application for the following new development at the Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre:
“Demolition of temporary office building. Erection of freestanding two-storey research building (Botnar 3) with glazed footbridge link to existing Botnar Research Centre building. Provision of 4 disabled car parking spaces and covered cycle store for 200 bicycles”.
This building will be situated to the south of the present Botnar Research Centre (on the other side of the access road) and connected to it by a bridge:
The following two applications related to this development were approved in December 2016:
Foundations for the first homes are now being laid:
For full details about this development please see the separate page:
Oxford City Council undertook a structural survey of this house on 9 November 2016
A "Save the C. S. Lewis Nature Reserve” petition to Oxford City Council has over 4,000 signatures. It relates to a planning application by the Wychwood Foundation for housing adjacent to 4 Wychwood Lane for vulnerable adults:
“Erection of 2.5 storey building to provide 9 apartments (4x3 beds, 3x2 beds and 2x1 beds) on behalf of the Wychwood Foundation. Provision of ancillary facilities, 22 car parking spaces, cycle parking and amenity space. Creation of new vehicular access from Lewis Close”
This access road runs very near the reserve. Over 200 people have objected to the application.
A planning application was submitted in December 2016 for the semi-detached house at 120 Lime Walk: “Demolition of existing dwelling, garage & outbuilding. Erection of 1 x 4-bed dwellinghouse (Use Class C3). Provision of car parking and private amenity space”:
Christ Church and Wick Farming Ltd have put forward neighbouring proposals for 3,000 homes on their land to the north-west of Barton Park that could include a park & ride facility for NHS staff to serve Headington sites.
Unlike the site of Barton Park, this land is (1) in the Green Belt and (2) falls under South Oxfordshire District Council.
On 11 October 2016 the West Area Planning Committee granted planning permission to the Oxford Artisan Distillery (Toad) for a small-batch distillery that will craft artisan spirits at the South Park Depot off Cheney Lane:
(1) “Change of use of site from council depot to artisan distillery”
(revised proposal omitting café and visitor centre):
(2) “Erection of single storey barn to provide storage space”:
The distillery will be located in the eighteenth-century threshing barn, which is a listed building. The plans include a new storage barn to house casks for ageing spirit, heritage grain, and other ingredients. An old shelter in the north-east corner of the site will be converted into a staff and administration proposal
The proposal originally included another building housing a café/restaurant and toilets (to serve both South Park and visitors to the distillery), a visitor centre, and a tasting room, but this was removed following planning advice, and a separate application for this is expected.
The Oxford Civic Society pointed out that the site is subject to restrictive covenants set up by the Pilgrim Trust and the benefactors David & Joanna MacIver, banning the production of alcohol there; but city council planner Sarah Orchard said that this (and the fact that the site had been earmarked for housing) were “not material planning considerations”.
The City Council Executive Board approved the draft Headington Neighbourhood Plan for formal consultation, and the six-week public consultation closed on 7 October 2016:
Following the six-week public consultation, the City Council, in association with the Forum, will make any necessary amendments and arrange for an independent external inspector to examine the draft Plan. If the inspector confirms that the Plan is satisfactory it will be the subject of a public referendum programmed for May 2017.
The preliminary construction management plan for this new development, submitted by Cala Management Ltd in 2016, has been approved. It relates to 39 and 41 Waynflete Road (under Oxford City Council) and the land behind (under South Oxfordshire District Council):
The following planning application submitted in 2014 by Cala Homes (Chiltern) Ltd to both South Oxfordshire District Council and Oxford City Council was approved by both councils:
“Demolition of existing pair of semi-detached houses (39 and 41 Waynflete Road). Erection of 52 houses and flats (including 40% of net increase as affordable homes) in single-storey buildings, two-storey buildings, and two-storey buildings with rooms in roofs (47 dwellings proposed off Waynflete Road and 5 detached dwellings off Bayswater Farm Road). Construction of roads and footpaths including new accesses off Waynflete Road and Bayswater Farm Road. Provision of open space, parking, garages and landscaping. NB Demolition of existing houses, estate road and only part of new build in Oxford City District”.
The plans were approved by South Oxfordshire District Council in August 2016:
The description is identical on plans submitted to Oxford City Council, except that it did not include the last sentence. The proposal to demolish two houses in Waynflete Road to provide an access road was agreed by the East Area Planning Committee in September:
Planning permission has been granted for a landmark sculpture entitled “Origin” by Julian Wild. It will form a large bridge over the grassed area between the Big Data Institute (BDI) and the Nuffield Department of Medicine (NDM) research building, and is intended to celebrate the innovation that takes place at the BDI and Target Discovery Institute Buildings.
It comprises two rectangular bars emerging from the ground that meet in the middle where they are pixilated into a network of rectangular blocks. It will be 5m high, 12m long, and 2.2m wide, and will be constructed of steel and stainless steel, partly painted red.
Hillsboro, the house at 14 Holyoake Road where C. S. Lewis lived with Mrs Moore in the 1920s before buying The Kilns with her, was advertised by Strutt & Parker in 2013 as land for potential re-development. A new planning application was submitted in August 2016 for “Demolition of existing side extension. Erection of 2 x 4-bed semi-detached dwellinghouses (Use Class C3). Provision of new access with car parking for 2No. vehicles, private amenity space and bin and cycle store”:
Two earlier planning applications were submitted and then withdrawn:
(1) July 2015 for “Demolition of existing side extension. Erection of 2 x 5-bed dwellings (Use Class C3). Provision of dropped kerb, car parking, private amenity space and bin stores”:
(2) December 2014: An earlier planning application with an identical description:
According to the “Our Property” website, 14 Holyoake Road sold for £1,600,000 on 2 May 2008.
The name Hillsboro can be seen engraved over the downstairs window. Lewis must have been on his way up to this house when he was famously converted to theism in 1929 while on a bus going up Headington Hill.
In recent years there was a chiropractice at this house.
Ronald McDonald House Charities have been granted planning permission for a new four-storey building on the disused tennis courts (0.4 hectares) at the John Radcliffe Hospital. The site is bounded to the north by Hospital Car Park 2a, to the east and south by Woodlands Road, and to the west by the rear gardens of Sandfield Road.
At present the charity can only offer 17 rooms on the top floor of the children's hospital and cannot meet the demand. The approved application is for “Ronald McDonald House to provide 62 bedrooms including communal areas, admin facilities, plant and store rooms along with associated landscaping and drop off area”.
Frontier Estates held a public exhibition on 27 July 2016 at St Anthony of Padua Church Hall of new plans for a 55-bed care home on the site of the present bungalow at 1 Pullen's Lane. They will be submitting updated plans to the city council's design review board:
They made two earlier applications for the home:
(1) The first application for “Demolition of existing house and flat. Erection of 55-bedroom care home facility on three levels, together with 17 car parking spaces, landscaping and associated works” was rejected in August 2014:
(2) The second application for “Demolition of the existing buildings and erection of a new 55 bedroom care home with associated landscaping, hardstanding and infrastructure” was withdrawn in May 2016.
EF is planning to submit new plans for the EF International Academy, based at Cotuit Hall on the west side of Pullen’s Lane:
In 2013 EF withdrew planning application 12/01106/FUL following concerns expressed by local residents. This was for “Erection of 3 new buildings on 3 floors plus basement to provide teaching, residential and ancillary accommodation, together with underground common room to frontage. Refurbishment of existing Marcus and Brewer buildings, including alteration to existing elevations. Provision of new pedestrian footpath from Pullens Lane”:
The Academy is a school for 16–18-year-olds on two-year residential courses studying for A-levels and the International Baccalaureate. At the moment Cotuit Hall is used only for teaching, but the college hopes to expand it to accommodate 350 boarding students in 142 bedrooms (with between one and three students per room).
A Headington Hill Umbrella Group (HHUG) was formed by local residents:
EF bought Cotuit Hall (which previously housed 102 Brookes students) from Oxford Brookes University in 2011.
The EF Language School was required (under the granting of planning permission 07/02499/FUL) to provide public art. Their application 11/00034/VAR to delete this requirement was refused on 7 March 2011.
They then submitted application 13/00284/VAR (1) to legitimize the delay and (2) to reveal their design for a marble seat inside their grounds (the former Plater College). The former part of the application was approved on 12 April, but the public art shown on the plans was not approved.
A planning application for “Removal of the existing pitched roof, a new reception area with 2 additional bedrooms over, an off-site constructed second storey to house 20 new bedrooms and associated external works” was approved in September 2016:
The Chapel Street Community Schools Trust plans to open a new state-funded school with a Christian ethos in Headington in September 2018.
The Oxford Trust (Science Oxford) submitted a planning application on 7 October 2016:
The Trust announced on 2 February that it had completed the acquisition of the former Stansfeld Outdoor Education Centre:
On 27 October 2015 it announced that (subject to planning permission) the centre would become the Wood Centre for Science and Innovation (WCSI), which will be twinned with the Oxford Centre for Innovation (OCFI).
This 7.2 ha site was originally bought by John Stedwell Stansfeld so that children from St Ebbe’s could stay in the countryside, but in 1933 his family sold it to Birmingham City Council.
Birmingham City Council agreed on 17 March 2014 to cease their outdoor learning service here after 31 July 2014.
Birmingham Property Services put the centre up for sale by informal tender in 2014. The centre was registered as an asset of community value, so community groups had a chance to raise the funds to bid for the 250-year lease on the land for six months after it was put up for sale. The two unsuccessful bidders were the Oxford Co-Housing group and a care provider.
The Friends of Stansfeld group was formed in June 2015 to represent the community in the sale of the Stansfeld Outdoor Centre. The aim of the Friends is that the woodland area is protected in perpetuity (and opened to the public if possible) and that the site provides educational facilities, especially a Forest School.
The demolition of four houses on the west corner of Latimer Road and London Road is due to start on 31 May in preparation for the building of Beech House, which will accommodate 175 students.
A new planning application has been submitted “to enable the student accommodation to be occupied by cultural and academic visitors and by conference and summer school delegates outside of term time”:
This relates to the following approved application, submitted by Frontier Estates (Oxon) Ltd in March 2015, with the following (amended) description:
“Demolition of residential houses at 36, 38 and 40 London Road and 2 Latimer Road. Erection of 167 student study rooms and ancillary facilities on 4 and 5 levels plus basement, together with 2 x 2-bed and 2 x 3-bed maisonettes. Provision of 4 car parking spaces and 1 car parking space for disabled drivers, 88 cycle parking spaces, landscaped areas and ancillary works.”
In May 2016 details were submitted “in compliance with conditions 3 (Samples), 4a (Tree Removal), 4b (Operational Details), 5 (Arb Watching Brief), 6 (underground services), 7 (Hard standing - trees), 13 (Construction Travel Plan), 15 (Bin and bike stores), 18 (Bio-diversity enhancement), 19 (Drainage) and 20 (Screening)”:
The planning application for this development was originally refused at the East Area Planning Committee meeting on 2 December 2015 but was called in by twelve councillors and was approved at the meeting of the Planning Review Committee held on 27 January 2016, with conditions on completely screening the view to the school building next door.
The developers first outlined their plans for this new student development at a public exhibition at Oxford Brookes University on 21 October 2014, and their consultant David Morris listened to the concerns of local residents at The Hub in Headington on 7 November. They then held a public exhibition on 27 January 2015 at St Clement's Family Centre.
St Luke's Hospital has submitted a planning application for “Removal of the existing pitched roof, a new reception area with 2 additional bedrooms over, an off-site constructed second storey to house 20 new bedrooms and associated external works”:
The Curry's store in Horspath Driftway is being converted into a branch of Aldi:
The city council's six regeneration areas have a community newspaper, and three of these areas are in the Headington district. See the latest editions here:
A new book The Geology of Oxford Gravestones has geological trails in six Oxford cemeteries, including Headington Cemetery in Dunstan Road and St Andrew's churchyard. The cover shows a Garnet Gneiss headstone in Headington Cemetery.
Kindle versions of each cemetery section are available at £2.99 each (but colour pictures means you cannot view them on a Kindle Paperwhite).
On 7 September 2016 the East Area Planning Committee approved the planning application by Holy Trinity Church in Headington Quarry for “Erection of single-storey extension to north elevation”:
The church withdrew an earlier planning application submitted in February 2015 so that pre-application discussions could be held with the planning officer.
For up-to-the-minute information:
follow @HeadingtonNews on Twitter
For fuller details, see the Events page
108–110 London Road. Closed August 2016
This shop was advertised to let at £30,000 per annum by VSL & Partners, and is now being refurbished
142–144 London Road. Closed on 13 February 2016
The post office is now in the Co-op, but the previous postmaster reopened here temporarily on 18 November 2016 and started selling stationery etc. The building still appears to be available to rent via Chancellor's at £2,333 per calendar month:
73–75 London Road. Closed in November 2014
The former Morrison's shop at 73–75 London Road is available to rent leasehold at £60,000 per annum. The premises measure 1,893 sq. ft, and loading is only possible via the front of the shop. The owners have recently renovated the building, and businesses are understood to be interested:
150a London Road. Closed on 27 February 2016
To let with the Central Business Agency at £25.000 per annum, or freehold for sale (offers invited):
137a London Road
This ground-floor office was vacated in May 2016 when Connells moved to larger premises at 129–133 London Road. The premises are for sale (offers in the region of £400,000); alternatively a new lease can be offered at a commencing rental of £27,500 per annum. There would be a restriction on not using the premises for estate agency, lettings, or financial services. Planning permission was granted in 1961 for this shop to be tacked on the end of the row of former Victorian houses called Westbourne Terrace (61/11381/A_H)
The first-floor offices above Lloyds Bank at 87 London Road were being advertised to rent for £18,500 per annum, but this has come down to £12,500. The second floor of these offices is currently occupied by Nigel Grice & Associates
32 Headington men died in 1917. They will be added in the month before the anniversary of their death
Second Lieutenant Arthur Fry (24) of the OBLI, former undergraduate of Hertford College who lived at Boundary Cottage (at the south-east corner of present Headington School site) died at No. 5 Casualty Clearing Station in France on 28 February 1917 and buried at Bray-sur-Somme Military Cemetery.
Private (George) Richard Morris (35) of the OBLI, a gardener who grew up in Headington Quarry but lived with his wife and children in north Oxford, killed in France on 28 February 1917 and remembered on the Thiepval Memorial
Nielsen's, which has been on its present site on the London Road near the Thornhill Park & ride for 60 years, sold their 12-acre site to developers in 2016 and will be moving to the Oxford Business Park by early 2018. Since May 2014 the conversion of B1(a) commercial property to C3 homes can be granted immediately under permitted development rights as long as specified aspects (such as transport and highway impacts, and contamination and flooding risks) are checked first.
In December 2016 prior approval was granted to Headington Developments Ltd for “Change of use of Nielsen House and annex from office (Use Class B1(a)) to residential (Use Class C3) to provide 30 x 1-bed flats and 63 x 2-bed flats”.
An earlier application was rejected because the developer provided insufficient information relating to flooding and contamination risks:
Three other conversions have already taken place in Headington under this new relaxation of planning permission, including Kennett House, and approval for four more smaller offices in the Headington shopping centre to be turned into flats was granted in 2016.
Planning application 16/02112/FUL was approved in November 2016 to turn this pub in Glebelands into a five-bedroomed house.
This pub in Old Road closed in 2011. Fleurets advertised it as a pub to let (guide rent of £22,500 per annum) in early 2016, but the advertisement has now been withdrawn.
Meanwhile three four-bedroomed houses have been built on the car-park:
The Ampleforth Arms pub in Collinwood Road, Risinghurst is boarded up, and was put up for sale with offers of £625,000 + VAT invited (reduced from the original £700,000 + VAT). The pub was built by Ind Coope in 1938, and was the local of C. S. Lewis
The Amp Revival group got it listed as an asset of community value and is raising the money to buy it.
The Royal Standard has had a planning application approved for "Formation of decked area to north elevation. Replacement of decking at rear to create new decked access and a lean-to covered area. Provision of enclosed bin store" has been approved:
A second application for "Formation of timber raised decking with glass guarding with stainless steel handrail" was withdrawn:
A planning application submitted in June 2016 for the site of the Quarry Gate pub at 19 Wharton Road (on the corner of St Leonard's Road) is recommended for refusal at September's East Area Planning Committee meeting. It is for “Erection of three storey building to provide 1 x 1-bed, 3 x 2-bed and 2 x 3-bed flats (Use Class C3). Provision of car parking and bin and cycle storage”
An earlier application for three five-bedroomed houses was refused:
The pub was demolished in 2015. No member of the public sought to get it listed as a heritage or community asset, and Seville Developments were told that prior approval for the method of demolition was not required for the method of demolition”: 15/00591/DEM.
The developer gave as the reason why demolition needed to take place: “To facilitate future redevelopment of the site”. They stated in their application:
“The Quarry Gate is a former public house located on the corner of Wharton Road and St Leonards Road in Headington. The building is not listed. The proposed demolition does not constitute “relevant demolition” for the purposes of s.196D of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, as the site is not located within a Conservation Area. Oxford City Council has no Article 4 Direction in place which prevents the operation of the GPDO in respect of demolition.”
This pub was for sale for a very long time (with its price latterly reduced from £899,000 to £775.000) and was bought by Seville Developments for £600,000 in mid-2013. Internal work on the building took place in January 2014 and until now Seville have been using it as their offices.
A planning application has been approved to form a Link Street around the campus:
The Sobell House Charity plans to build a new specialist facility at the Churchill Hospital aimed at patients with more complex illnesses such as dementia. It will overlook Southfield Golf Course and cost £5m.
A new £45m heart centre, jointly run by the University of Oxford and the British Heart Foundation, is planned for 2018.
Planning application was approved by the East Area Planning Committee on 3 June. This was for
The Big Data Institute will develop approaches for generating, storing, and analysing large datasets in medical science for a better understanding of human disease and its treatment. The following planning application was approved by the East Area Planning Committee on 6 August 2014:
Following a consultation in May 2014, the University reduced the size of the planned Big Data Institute:
The outline planning application submitted by the University of Oxford relating to the integration and development of the 28-acre Park Hospital site (which it now owns) with its Old Road Campus in Headington was approved at the East Area Planning Committee meeting on 8 January 2013.
There will be a 459-space multi-storey carpark (replacing the current 260 spaces, so the net increase is 199 spaces) built on the Old Road Campus.
Two applications for a temporary 100-space car park while work is going ahead were approved:
Universities, Science, and Cities Minister Greg Clark visited the Old Road campus on 23 October 2014 and announced that a new £110m cancer centre, the Precision Cancer Medicine Institute is planned to open in 2017 or 2018 on the Churchill Hospital site or the Old Road campus. It will have 200 workers and will study drug, surgery, and radiation therapy in cancer patients.
The John Radcliffe Hospital houses the Armed Forces Department of Pathology, and when members of the forces are killed their bodies are taken there. The funeral cortège passes through Marsh Lane and Headington on their way to the hospital. From March 2008 to May 2014 the Royal British Legion, joined by members of the public, held 153 repatriation tributes for 321 members of the services outside St Anthony of Padua Church in Headley Way, but thankfully such repatriations are at present rare.
There was a campaign for a memorial to be put on the roundabout at the Final Turn to the John Radcliffe Hospital.
Sign up on the official Oxfordshire County Council website to be notified of any future repatriation dates and times:
Older news items are moved to separate pages. Links to news pages from 2001 to 2016 can be found at the foot of this page.
Headington has numerous mobile phone masts, and the link below shows where they are.
Since 24 February 2012, Oxford City Council regulations have required that a house with just three or four unrelated occupants is licensed as a House in Multiple Occupation.
This is in addition to the prerequisite that such a house must have C4 planning permission, which is unlikely to be granted in future in those side-streets already saturated with student housing.
HMO licences for these smaller houses are awarded subject to modifications being made within six months (e.g. a cooker now has to have a work-surface on each side; there must be a wired in smoke-detector on each floor and a heat detector in the kitchen; the kitchen area must be fitted with a fire door; and where the front door can be double-locked, a box with key and hammer has to be attached to the wall).
Bob Williams, formerly of Headington’s G. H. Williams, is still doing bike repairs from home in central Headington: tel. 01865 762664 or mobile 07962 896 663. He has fifty years’ experience of repairing bikes and is strongly recommended.
City councillors Ruth Wilkinson and Altaf Khan have a website with news relating to the central Headington ward. As their ward includes most of the central shopping area, it will also be of interest to people in other parts of Headington.
Headington Action can provide small grants for projects that will benefit the local community. There are two types of grant: Small Sparks Grants offer start-up funding, typically to enable new projects to ‘get off the ground’, while Community Support Grants provide for other community activities. Normal limits are £250 for Small Sparks and £500 for Community Support Grants.
Application forms and further details are available here on the Headington Action website.
The county council has said that green-belt land close to Marsh Lane and the northern bypass is being considered for a park-and-ride site for the JR Hospital.
Construction of the new development at Northway started on 14 January 2015. The building work is being carried out by Haboakus (Kevin McCloud’s development company Hab in partnership with the housing association GreenSquare). Oxford City Council is providing land in Northway for the developers, who in return are rebuilding Northway community centre, and providing 47 new homes in Dora Carr Close and 21 flats in Westlands Drive. The Emmaus Charity furniture store moved to Cowley in May 2016.
The two Northway planning applications for the £18m regeneration project in Northway and Cowley were approved by the East Area Planning Committee on 5 June 2013; and the Planning Review Committee approved the associated Cowley application on 25 June:
In July 2015 JustPark wrote to nearly every household in Headington suggesting that they could earn £1500 a year renting out their driveway. A search for "Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom" on their website reveals that over 100 people in the area were already doing this with them:
Prices range from £3.80 per day for Spring Lane and Bayswater Road to £21.30 per day for Old Road.
Oxford City Council is compiling a register of heritage assets of local value. Nothing in Headington has yet been registered as a Heritage Asset, but the following (listed under North East Oxford) are live candidates on the waiting list:
“Erection of a two storey building to create 4 x 2-bed flats (Use Class C3). Provision of 2 No. carparking spaces, private amenity space, bin and cycle store.”
The planning application for this site, which is owned by the Doris Field Charitable Trust, has been refused. The plans including a rebuilt garage as before, plus six flats:
“Demolition of existing garage and workshop. Erection of three storey building to provide 3 x 2-bed and 3 x 3-bed flats (Use Class C3). Erection of garage together with 6no. car parking spaces.”
The following planning application has been refused: “Demolition of existing garage. Erection of building to form 1 x 1bedroom dwellinghouse (Use Class C3). Formation of first floor level to existing dwellinghouse and subdivision into 1 x 2 bedroom and 1 x 3 bedroom dwellinghouses (Use Class C3). Provision of private amenity space, car parking spaces and bin and cycle store”:
The Manor Surgery in Osler Road, whose patient numbers have risen by 2000 in the last two years, has been awarded £1.2million to extend its practice building to provide six new consultation rooms and two practice nurse rooms. It plans to offer space for an out-of-hours service and community-based clinics.
Planning applications for a two-storey extension and alterations to the existing car park all been approved.
Private Eye has put online an interactive map showing all English and Welsh property acquired by overseas companies since 2005.
If you search for Headington, you will see that some large properties in the centre of Headington such as Kennett House and Dorset House are owned abroad, as well as some smaller ones such as those occupied by the NatWest Bank, Starbucks, and Boots. There are also individual houses (including houses in multiple occupation) owned in the British Virgin islands.